Re: Development of classical saxophone and its place in music today...
I know exactly what you are talking about with this paper! Your teacher just finished his masters in perf/theory here at PSU last year. I'm a fifth year senior in music ed at PSU and spent the last two years playing in ensmebles with Erik. Erik is a great guy and he really does want you guys to be informed about the saxophone community.
As far as this business with your paper goes there are a ton of resources out there. I'll name a few to try and give you a start.
Larry Teal: Art of Playing the Saxophone
Michael Hester: Masterclasses
Jean-Marie Londiex: Master of the Modern Saxohpone
Marcel Mule, Jean-Marie Londiex, Claude Delange, Fred Hemke, Cecil Leeson, Donald Sinta, Eugene Rousseau, Lynn Klock, John Sampen, Tim McCallister, John Harle (be careful mentioning him in Erik's presence), Joe Lulloff, Dale Underwood, and the list goes on, and on.
Look at the names above especially searching for who has commissioned many works, revolutionized technique and teaching methods, or contributed to the recording collection of saxophone music. Also look for individuals who have become leaders in the community so much so that they have a 'following.' and you can trace your teachers' teacher back to them. Some of these being Don Sinta, Eugene Rousseau, Fred Hemke, Claude Delange, Jean-Marie Londiex, etc. Erik is a 'Sinta' guy. Almost every teacher he has studied with learned from Sinta (Tim McCallister, Carrie Koffman, David Stambler, etc). Get the idea?
As far as finding strong programs, just look for the universities that these saxophonists are associated with. They are reknowned for strong programs that churn out fantastic saxophonists and musicians.
You can find a ton of great sites that will repertoire lists such as the Capitol Quartet's page (I think). Also check out the web pages of the names above, they usually have an accompanying rep. list. If I remember correctly whoever teaches at University of Texas has a great list that is fairly comprehensive.
Also look up the Paris Conservatory in Bordeaux. Try to find an archived listing of their 'Gran Prix' (ie. Jury Pieces composed by composers on faculty there). This will lead you to many of the major works for the saxophone. Or just get in contact with me and I'll try to email you a big list or something. My email is firstname.lastname@example.org.
I hope this helps, if you need any more help just IM me. My sn is wa1ker00. You probably shouldn't let Erik know that I'm helping you ;) because he'll get on my case and yours.
Good Luck and Keep on Practicing!